The South Africa model of used oil being bought from the generators of the oil by the collectors – originally implemented in a bid to incentivize the recycling of used oil – is having a negative kick-back resulting in the price of used oil being driven up to unsustainable levels.
This is the warning from the ROSE Foundation which has seen the situation escalate to the point where generators of the oil now see this an income stream with their actions driven by price rather than on a legal as well as a moral obligation
Given this situation, the Foundations has issued a warning to remind all that the generators of used oil – and waste in general – are required by law under the Waste Act to ensure that their waste is responsibly managed.
Those who generate more than 20kg’s of hazardous waste per day are also required to register on the National Waste Information System (SAWIS) and to report on the volumes generated and taken away for recycling. Those who fail to comply with the rules and regulations set out by the current legislation also face penalties such as fines or even jail time.
“It has therefore become the legal obligation of South African businesses that generate waste such as used oil to ensure it is responsibly collected and taken away to a registered facility for processing and recycling,” says Bubele Nyiba, CEO of the ROSE Foundation.
He adds that coupled with this is the fact that used oil is a hazardous substance – with one litre being capable of contaminating a million litres of water. “So generators also face a moral responsibility to ensure their used oil does not end up in the environment.”
With nearly 11 million vehicles on the road in South Africa (10 867,578 according to latest eNatis statistics) and over 3 000 registered workshops, not to mention the unregistered and back-yard mechanics servicing many of these vehicles, there is a huge volume of used oil being generated in the automotive sector.
Nyiba says that while the mayor workshops are compliant with the requirement of the Waste Act, the problem exists in the pricing structure for used oil.
“Currently in South Africa we have a system in place whereby the used oil collectors purchase the used oil from the generators. This model – which was pro-actively adopted many years before legislation governing the responsible recycling of waste, and the pricing of waste, was introduced – has been successful up until now as it has given value to used oil as a waste, thereby incentivising its responsible collection. However, we are now seeing a situation where used oil generators in South Africa are regarding their used oil as an income generating product and this has driven the price of this waste up to unsustainable levels.”
Nyiba explains that best practise in other developed countries sees the used oil generators paying the collectors to take away their waste. This is as opposed to the current South African model which is the other way around.
“By law, used oil generators are required to have their used oil taken away by a collector to a registered facility and the ROSE Foundation is urging automotive workshops – and used oil generators in general – to consider their role in the responsible collection of used oil and to reconsider their approach to this waste and the price that they are demanding per litre.”
“Our concern is that pricing used oil to the point that it becomes a commodity will make it unsustainable for most used oil collectors in South Africa to continue to operate. The fewer used oil collectors out there, the less oil collected – meaning a much larger volume is left to possibly make its way into our environment through irresponsible disposal,” cautions Nyiba.
“The ROSE Foundation has set increased used oil collections as a priority in SA going forward and we do not want to see the current volumes dwindling due to unsustainable business models driving out industry players.”
Nyiba goes on to urge used oil generators to use a ROSE registered used oil collector when having their used oil removed. This will ensure that the collection, transportation, storage and re-refining of used oil is managed in a sustainable, ethical and responsible manner that is compliant with all current legislation.
ROSE collectors can also safely remove related wastes such as used oil filters, oily rags and oil soaked sawdust for responsible disposal and/or recycling. These added value services allow automotive service centres to ensure they remain compliant with waste legislation.
“In addition, we would like to see workshops becoming the place where the public can drop off their small volumes of oil from self-servicing of vehicles. There is a workshop in every town in South Africa and this means we would not need to invest in additional facilities for the public to drop off their used motor oil. The workshops should be ambassadors of used oil collection,” he says.
He also says that the ROSE Foundation and workshops need to work closely together to correctly channel the direction of used lubricating oil.
“We are encouraged by our on-going discussions and interactions with the Retail Motor Industry Organisation (RMI) to forge together a common approach to managing used oil. Our combined efforts should leave a lasting legacy on avoiding the harmful effects of used oil to our environment,” concludes Nyiba.